It is very essential to check the eligibility criteria, to confirm if the patient is an ideal candidate to undergo Hair transplant surgery, to ensure a quick recovery and to achieve the desired results without any side effects. This makes it very important to consult a specialist or an expert surgeon with the required professional expertise and several years of experience in the field. Though any healthy male is eligible for the surgery, some factors make him an ideal candidate.
Blood work is an essential part of the pre-hair transplant procedure- Random blood sugar, HIV tests, Hepatitis C and B tests, coagulation tests are mandatory. Blood tests to determine the cause of hair loss like serum iron/ ferritin profile, thyroid profile and hormone tests are also done. Other tests include the COVID- 19 RTPCR test, and ECG/EKG test in patients with cardiac complaints.
This test determines the time taken for blood to clot. This is very important for hair transplant since micro incisions are made on the scalp that causes bleeding. If the patient has a case of poor blood clotting, this may lead to serious problems like excessive bleeding.
One of the common questions posed to the surgeon by the patient is whether it is possible to achieve full coverage through hair transplant surgery. The answer to a full head hair transplant coverage depends on several factors ranging from the age of the patient, current balding pattern, availability of number of follicles in the donor area, the number of hair per follicular unit, any evidence of future hair loss and pattern of hair loss in the family etc. The answer to this also depends on each individual’s expectation of his hair restoration levels. This makes it a complex question that cannot have a simple yes or no answer.
In short, the number of hair graft estimates will determine the extent of hair restoration. It states how many grafts a patient may need to achieve different levels of coverage. As said before, the Norwood scale gives a reference for measuring the hair grafts (grafts/cm2) required by the balding area. On average it is estimated that a patient might need 1000 to 3000 hair grafts for coverage of half head of hair. Although each patient is different, it is estimated that an average of 6000 grafts are available in the donor site of the patient subject to the technique chosen .